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Sunday, May 16, 2010

how to make a backtrack 4 hard drive

Backtrack 4 does not contain any installer yet thus we wrote this step by step guide based on muts cookbook on how to install Backtrack 4 on our hard disk drive.

Step 1 - Creating the partitions

First we will need to create three partitions to be able to install backtrack on our hard disk drive. We will need boot, swap and root partitions to be created. (We can still create 2 partitions and install the boot inside the root partition)

fdisk /dev/sda

Creating the partitions

Activate Boot Partition & Specify Swap

Step 2 - Format the file systems
We format our file system with mkreiserfs for root partition, ext2 for boot and swap for the swap partition.

mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda1

prepare swap

mkfs.reiserfs /dev/sda3

Step 3 - Mount and Copy Directories

After we had prepare the file systems its time to copy over the backtrack files to our hard drive and configure it to run the backtrack on boot.

Mount and Copy the Directory Structure

NOTE: The copy operation will take some time so be patient until it finish

Step 4 - Configure Bootloader

nano /etc/lilo.conf

We will need to configure /etc/lilo.conf and define the boot and root partition so we will be able to boot into backtrack. In case we do not correctly define the root partition we will get an error “Kernel panic: no init found”.

Configure fstab

Edit /etc/fstab and append the following lines:

/dev/sda3 / reiserfs defaults 0 0 # AutoUpdate
/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0

Execute lilo -v

Execute lilo -v and reboot

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